A Manual for Success in Smallholder Pig Rearing

The wean to finish period

 

This short manual provides for a start in pig production.

The manual was initially designed for East Africa specifically Uganda.

 

Once your stockmanship skills have encompassed the wean to finish pig, the stockperson can move towards keeping adult breeding stock.

 

The pig – weaning to finish

Introduction to Pigs

Basic pig breeds

 

The surface landmarks

 

Basic terms in pig farming

 

The pig’s economic life cycle

 

Products from pig production

 

Handling and moving pigs

 

Nursery pigs needs

 

Sustainability 3 year plan

 

The Daktari 5 sow unit targets and design  Excel spreadsheet

 

Basic Housing

 

Small holder finishing house plan

 

What if I decide I do not like pigs?

 

Areas and volumes

 

Measurements – using the basics

 

Building and running the unit – the basic equipment needed

 

Composting manure

 

Security Fencing

 

Feed and water for the pig

 

Feed ingredients

 

Feed dietary requirements for pigs

 

Swill feeding – collection and distribution

 – note check with your local government authorities this is illegal in many countries

 

Building a feeder for the pigs

 

Feed – balancing the diet and the pig’s requirements

 

Mixing dry feed for the pig

 

Which of these food stuffs can be used to feed pigs?

 

Obtaining pigs

 

Selecting the pig

 

Introducing the pig to the farm

 

Introduction to medication and vaccinations

 

Keeping pigs healthy

 

Biosecurity hand-washing

 

Normal pig behavior:

 

Lying patterns

 

Defecation patterns

 

Play behaviour

 

Daily routines

 

Weekly routines

 

Recognising health:

 

Stockmanship

 

Stockmanship the basics

 

Clinical signs of health and ill health

 

Medicines and treating pigs basics

 

Disorders of the pig by age – an introduction

 

Monitoring the pigs

 

Weight estimation of pigs

 

Growth rates

 

Moving the pigs to market

 

Cleaning the building after the pigs go

 

Cleaning the house

 

Lime washing

 

Budget examples

 

Building costs  Spreadsheet   Interactive page

 

Wean to finish budget Spreadsheet    Interactive page

 

Adopt a pig concept

 

 

The adult herd – breeding and farrowing sows