Bearded Pig


Scientific name

Sus barbatus

Global distribution

Malay Peninsula, Riau Archipelgago, Sumatra, Bangka, Borneo and Karimata Island to south, Sibutut and Tawitawi islands in the Sulu Archipelago, Balabac and Palawan and the Calamian Islands in the western Philippines.


Tropical forest

Conservation status


Physical characteristics

Body size


900 1,800 mm. Shoulder height 550 1,100 mm


Variable from 40-350 kg

Males usually larger than females


Dark gray to black or brown


Stiff bristles and usually some finer fur. The pelage is often quite scant and the tail is only lightly covered.

There may be a mane on the nape and side whiskers.


3 pairs of warts in the male

Piglet colouring

Wild piglets are stripped.


300 mm

Male side view

Face view

Rare view

Detail of face and beard

Anatomical points


The preorbital fosa is always deeply excavated with overhanging, shelflike borders

Beard of whiskers on nose

Dental formulae

( i 3/3, c 1/1, pm 4/4, m 3/3) x 2 44

The canines in males the inferior surface is broader than the posterior surface. The female canines are diminutive and tend to point simply down (if the upper tooth) or up (if the lower).


Behaviour points

Maturing age

5-12 months male

6- months female

Mating ritual

Males join group for mating and then leave.


Animals walk parallel to each other, edge closer until shoulders touch and then shoving begins.

They may rear up, lean against each other and attempt to knock each other off balance.

In neither yields, thrust with the mouth open and tusks bared

Seasonal breeding

Breeding occurs throughout the year in the tropics, birth peaks shortly before or just after the rains. In the temperate regions the young are born in the spring.

Oestrus period

18-24 days

Gestation period

112 120 days

Litter size and lactation

6-12 up to 40 domestic breeds


6 pairs of teats. Lie down to suckle.

Weaning age

8-12 weeks

Family groups

Small groups of 6 females sow and litter. Males solitary. S. barbatus, bands or sounders may form comprising of hundreds to join for the annual migration.

Cooling behaviour

Mud wallows and avoidance shade.


Construct crude shelters by cutting grass

Peak activity

Nocturnal and crepuscular

Swift runners and good swimmers


May migrate over distances. 2-15 km overnight within an area of 20-150 ha. Home range over a period of 2-3 months is 500-1,000 ha for adult females and 1,000 -2,000 ha for adult males.

S. barbatus may over hundreds of kilometers in the course of the year.


Omnivore fruit, seeds, roots, grasses, insects, small mammals and scavenging



Full range of pig diseases