Loading area design

 

The following may be considered when designing a loading area for pigs

 

Pigs

 

Any pig transported must be fit to load onto the truck and unload at the arrival point

Moving pigs

 

Pigs can be moved by a stockman’s voice; hands and gestures; boards; flags or paddles

The pigs are not to be hit by any of these moving aids

Electric prodders are not to be used to move pigs

Pigs move easier when the stockperson has fully planned the move

Basic design

 

The loading area should have no sharp turns

The loading area should be free of any protrusions – such as nails or bolts

There should be no steps or gaps in the walkway

Ideally there should be no slope to the loading area

If a slope is necessary, the maximum slope should be 20°

The ramp for finishing pigs should be 0.9 to 1.0 m wide – sufficient for two bacon pigs

Have a see through fence down the middle of the ramp – so the pigs can see each other

The ramp sides should be smooth, solid and 1 m high

The loading area should be well lit – 250 lux

Avoid any sharp contrast in shade and hue.  This includes wet patches.

The loading area should protect the pigs and staff from the weather – heat and cold

The ramp should have a walkway for staff

There should be a flat area 2 meters long at the top of the ramp

A biosecurity creep bar should be placed at the top of the ramp

Do not allow the farm staff to enter the truck

Do not allow the truck driver to enter the ramp area

Cleats in the ramp should be 2.5 cm metal rod separated by a gap more than the pig’s feet but not wide enough to allow the pig to slip

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loading area view

 


 

Trucking Basics

 

Space allowance

Average live weight (kg)

Space allowance (m2/head)

 

50

0.22

Reduce stocking density by 10% in hot weather – greater than 25° C

 

Avoid transporting pigs in very hot weather

– greater than 30°C

75

0.29

100

0.35

125

0.42

150

0.48

175

0.55

200

0.61

225

0.68

250

0.74

275

0.81

300

0.87

 

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Loading ramp rules- Biosecurity and Cleaning

1

Trucks must have no pigs on board, must be clean, washed and disinfected

2

The off-farm disinfectant/washing area (see above) must be prepared prior to each loading by the unit staff, (wearing off-unit clothing) and then they must re-enter the farm

3

The truck driver must not own or farm pigs

4

The truck driver must inform a member of staff using the klaxon/horn upon arrival

5

The truck drivers must wash their hands and wear the over-boots provided and dip the boots in the disinfectant provided

6

The truck driver's name and vehicle number should be logged in the animal movement book

7

Farm staff must not cross the security fence line or the loading ramp

8

The loading ramp area must be thoroughly cleaned after loading each batch of pigs

9

The truck driver must not enter the unit, under the security fencing onto the on-farm ramp, to assist the loading

10

All entry and exit points should be well lit, ideally with proximity sensors

11

The sorting area and on-farm loading area must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected once the pigs have arrived or left

 

Handling and moving pigs