Clinical Examination in the Group of Pigs

 

Prior to entry into the room

Gain some indication of what the problem is by probing the farmer

Is the problem affecting a group or an individual only?

Observe pigs through window

Examine their sleeping patterns

Observe pigs away  from group

Quietly enter the room

Listen

Coughing

Sneezing

Change in normal pig noises

Observe the animals

Type of animals

Dead in the pen?

Weight and age

Male, Female, Castrate

Body condition

Condition 1

Condition 3

Condition 5

Hairy

Chronic

Acute


 

Skin changes

Colour

Patches

Necrosis

Erosion

Scaly skin

Blueing

Too much skin

Greasy skin

Vesicles and blisters

Presence of lumps

On the legs

Bush Foot

Swollen joints

Granuloma

Elsewhere

Abscess

Haematoma

Tumour

Edema swellings

Overgrowth of the toes

Chronic mastitis

Hernia

 

Scrotal

Umbilical

Acquired

Configuration

Congenital defect

Kinky Back

Deviation

Swollen abdomen

Muscle changes

Limb shape

Evidence of vice

 

Ear biting or suckling

Bitten vulva

Tail biting

Prolapses

Uterine

Rectal or vaginal

Perineum

Note the animal’s breathing

Note breaths per minute

 

Pig normally breaths 20 times per minute.

Over 45 and visible is abnormal.

Heave line

Deep breathing


 

Behavior and locomotor changes

Meningitis

Neurological deficit

Scratching

Paraplagia

Lame -  high up the leg

Lame – low down in the leg

Pigs behavior to yourself

Pig behavior to each other

Pigs grouping

Presence of discharge

Occular

Nasal

Aural

Mouth

Anal

Vulva

Other observed changes associated directly with the  pig

Refusal of feed

Vomiting

Note any parasites

Look around  the pen and observe the feces consistency

Normal

Loose

Diarrhoea

Constipated

Blood - Melanea

Blood - red

Mucus

Note color of  feces

Look also on the walls

Urinary Tract

Normal

Smokey

Blood

Note changes with  the reproductive cycle normal

Vulval changes

Coming into oestrus

Allowing coitus

Abnormal reproductive

No testes

Testicular atrophy

Orchitis

Necrotic vulva

Swollen vulva

Abortion

Mummified piglets

Late mummified

Stillborn piglet

Swollen lymphnodes

Unilateral

Bilateral