Basic Haematology and Biochemistry

 

Chromosome number is 38, Blood volume 61-68 ml/kg

Ventilation pressure is 18-22 cm H20, Respiration rate of 12-15 / min, Tidal Volume is 5–10 ml/kg

 

Haematology  - interactive spreadsheet link

 

 

Unit

Weaner 10-30 kg

Finisher 30-110 kg

Adult   Pet Pig

Haemoglobin

g/l

90-140

100-150

100-170

Haematocrit

l/l

0.26-0.41

0.29-0.42

0.29-0.46

Erythrocytes

x1012/l

5.3-8.0

5.7-8.3

5.1-8.0

MCV

fL

42-62

44-56

52-63

MCH

pg

14-21

15-20

18-22

MCHC

g/l

320-360

320-380

340-380

WBC

x109/l

 

 

 

Leucocytes

x109/l

8.7-37.9

11.6-32.9

10.6-24.0

Lymphocytes

x109/l

2.2-16.0

3.6-18.5

3.7-14.7

Eosinophils

x109/l

0-1.8

0-2.5

0-2.4

Basophils

x109/l

0-0.5

0-0.7

0-0.5

Monocytes

x109/l

0-6

0-4.9

0-2.4

Platelets

x109/l

 

 

100-900

Pet pigs may have a lower total white blood cell count – 5-18 x 109/l

 

Serum Biochemistry - interactive spreadsheet link

 

 

Unit

mmol - mg/dl

Weaner 10-30 kg

Finisher 30-110 kg

Adult

gGT

IU/l

 

 

41-86

A/G

g/g

0.5-2.2

0.4-1.5

0.6-1.3

Albumin

g/l

19-39

19-42

31-43

Alk Phos

IU/l

142-891

180-813

36-272

ALT

IU/l

8-46

15-46

19-76

Amylase

IU/l

528-2616

913-4626

432-2170

Anion Gap

mmol/l

 

 

7.5-36

AST

IU/l

21-94

16-67

36-272

Bicarbonate

mmol/l

 

 

 

8-31

Bilirubin

µmol/l

x60

0.9-3.4

0-3.4

0-3.4

Calcium

mmol/l

x4

2.02-3.21

2.16-2.92

1.98-2.87

Chloride

mmol/l

 

 

 

96 – 111

Cholesterol

mmol/l

x39

1.06-3.32

1.37-3.18

1.24-2.74

CK

IU/l

81-1586

61-1251

120-10990

Conj.  Bilirub

µmol/l

x60

0.9-3.4

0-1.7

0-1.7

Creatinine

µmol/l

/88

67-172

77-165

110-260

Fibrinogen

g/l

 

 

 

160-380

Free Bilirub

µmol/l

x60

0-3.4

0-3.4

0-3.4

Glucose

mmol/l

x18

3.5-7.4

4.0-8.1

2.9-5.9

GSHPx

IU/gHb

30-137

40-141

48-135

IgG piglet blood at 7 days

mg/ml

Ĝ  10

25-35 normal

 

 

Iron

µmol/l

x5.59

3-38

39-43

9-34

LDH

Mmol/l

x9

 

 

0-11

Magnesium

mmo/l

 

 

 

0.5-1.2

Pepsinogen

ng/ml

149-313

230-570

 

Phosphorus

mmol/l

x3.1

1.46-3.45

2.25-3.44

1.49-2.76

Potassium

mmol/l

x3.9

 

 

3.5 – 4.8

Sodium

mmol/l

x2.3

 

 

132-170

Testosterone

ng/ml

 

 

Entire male 2-130

Total Protein

g/l

44-74

52-83

65-90

Triglyceride

mmol/l

x89

 

 

0.2-0.5

UIBC

mmol/l

X2.8

43-96

48-101

54-99

Urea Nitrogen

mmol/l

 

2.90-8.89

2.57-8.57

2.10-8.50

Converting SI units into US units

 

 

Temperature, respiration and pulse rates

 

Age/Weight

Rectal Temperature

Respiratory Rate

 

Pulse Rate

 

°C

°F

(per minute)

At birth

39.0

102.0

40 - 50

200 - 250

During suckling

39.2

102.5

30 - 40

80   - 110

At weaning

39.3

102.7

25 - 40

80  -  100

25 - 45 kg

39.0

102.5

30 - 40

80   -   90

45 - 90 kg

38.8

101.8

30 - 40

75   -   85

Pregnant sow

38.6

101.6

15 - 20

70   -   80

During farrowing

39.0 - 40.0

102.0 - 104.0

40 - 50

80   -  100

During lactation

39.1

102.5

20-30

70   -   80

Boar

38.6

101.5

15 - 20

70   -   80

 

 

Urine analysis - interactive spreadsheet link

Volume l/day – depends on age

2 - 6

Specific gravity

1.000 - 1.040

pH

6 - 8

Bilirubin

None

Blood

None

Glucose

None

Protein

None

 

 

Semen typical values - interactive spreadsheet link

Volume

50 - 400 ml - mean 250 ml

Colour

White cloudy

Consistency

Clear/Cloudy/gel

Motility

Active some wave motion

Sperm density (undiluted)

1010 /100ml

pH

7. 3 - 7.8